Landscaping to attract birds and wildlife is a wonderful way to provide the essentials: food, water, and shelter. Variety is the key to a successful backyard habitat. Here are some key elements to consider:

  • Conifers & Evergreens: Provides shelter, nesting material, space and food.
  • Deciduous Nut Bearing Trees: Provides nesting sites, shelter and high fat food.
  • Fruit Bearing Trees & Shrubs: Provides food, which sometimes lasts into the winter months.
  • Flowering Trees, Shrubs & Plants: Provides nectar which attracts nectar and insect eating birds.
    Grasses & Legumes: Provides nesting materials, shelter and food.

More Ideas:

  • Variety makes a diversified habitat.
  • Provide a water source birdbath or a small pond is even better with a shallow area for birds to drink and bathe.
  • Snags (dead trees) and brush piles make great nesting sites and places for shelter for wildlife.
  • Backyard habitats can be certified through the National Wildlife Federation –
  • Check with your local nursery for specific plants that work well in your area.
  • Think native species organizations, like “Wild Ones” at, can help you learn what native species are in your area.